On the basis of WTO rules, each Party treats the other Party`s service suppliers no less favourably than its own.  There are rules to facilitate the cross-border provision of services in certain areas, such as digital services (including data protection rules), public procurement (which have somewhat broadened the scope of the WTO GPA), missions and the posting of highly skilled workers.  However, there is no longer general access to each other`s services markets;  For example, financial service providers no longer have access to customers through a passport.  Professional qualifications are no longer automatically mutually recognised.  The Agreement establishes a Partnership Council composed of representatives of the EU and the UK. By mutual agreement, it is empowered to administer the agreement, settle disputes through negotiation and amend certain parts of the agreement if necessary.  The Partnership Council will also play this role by supplementing the EU-UK agreements, unless otherwise agreed (Articles KOMPROV 2 and Inst 1.2). Among other things, the Trade and Cooperation Agreement creates a broad economic partnership. Essentially, this is based on a free trade agreement that contains no tariffs or quotas and thus avoids significant trade barriers. However, such a partnership requires a level playing field.
For this reason, both sides have agreed on far-reaching regulations to ensure fair competition. This concerns the area of state aid and consumer, labour, environmental and climate protection standards. The exact provisions, which were published on 1. May 2021 you can find on the websites of the responsible federal ministries and the European Commission. A brief overview can be found here. 2. The United Kingdom and the European Union have agreed on 100% unprecedented tariff liberalisation. This means that there will be no tariffs or quotas on trade in the goods we produce between the UK and the EU. This is the first time the EU has concluded a zero-duty quota agreement with another trading partner. Trade in goods between the EU and the UK is not subject to tariffs or quotas.
Dealers may certify compliance with the agreed rules of origin themselves. However, due to the withdrawal of the United Kingdom from the customs territory of the EU, customs formalities between the two parties are required and VAT and certain other customs duties will be charged on importation.  There are provisions to limit technical barriers to trade (TBT) that are based on the TBT-WTO Agreement.  185. The agreement between the UK and the EU contains agreements on trade in goods between Crown possessions and the EU and contains provisions on reciprocal access to fisheries. Although British Prime Minister Boris Johnson insists that a deal be reached by October 15, no deal has been reached. 89. The tax obligations between the United Kingdom and the European Union are also set out in a separate Joint Political Declaration on combating harmful tax systems. It is a political commitment to the principles of combating harmful tax systems and reflects the OECD`s work in this area. An agreement reached in December 2017 resolved this long-standing sticking point, which threatened to drive the negotiations to a complete failure.
Barnier`s team launched the first salvo in May 2017 with the publication of a document detailing the approximately 70 entities it would take into account when compiling the invoice. The Financial Times estimated that the gross amount requested would be €100 billion; minus some British assets, the final bill would be “in the order of 55 to 75 billion euros”. 135. The scope of this Part, as defined in the general provisions, aims to provide for law enforcement and judicial cooperation between the United Kingdom, the EU and its Member States as regards the prevention and detection of criminal offences, as well as the prevention and combating of money laundering and terrorist financing. 132. The agreement also includes provisions on Crown Dependencies that, if decided by these jurisdictions, would allow EU vessels to fish in Crown Dependency waters at a level consistent with the fishing history established between 2017 and 2020, while ensuring that they can benefit from the trade provisions of the agreement. .